The Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for any project at the federal level in order to assess the environmental impact of the project. While public participation in the EIS processes are required by law public comments do not appear to shape the content of final EIS documents. Furthermore, the environmental justice (EJ) arguments raised by citizens in the comments section seems to have no effect in the approval or denial of the project.
The National Environmental Policy Act approved in 1970 requires the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for project that could harm the environment potentially. The EIS has expanded from the U.S.policy context. After its creation in 1969 many countries have included the EIS [sometimes called Environmental Impact Assessment internationally] as part of their environmental policy process. However, in recent years critiques have resurfaced, questioning the actual impact of the document. Critics are calling for a more systematic approach of the EIS process. EIS are dense and technical document and sometimes they can be very complicated for the public to understand.