"Spatial scale has to be understood as something that is produced historically; a process that is always deeply heterogenous and contested. If the capacity to appropriate place is predicated upon controlling space, then the scale over which command lines extend will strongly influence the capacity to appropriate place."
Swyngedouw, E. (2000). Authoritarian Governance, Power, and the Politics of Rescaling. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 18(1), 63–76. https://doi.org/10.1068/d9s